Printed from the Charlotte Observer -
Posted: Monday, Sep. 29, 2008

Rust belt folks take linking to area

By Amy Baldwin
Published in: A Section
  • 55%

    From 1990 to 2007, the region's population expanded by 55 percent – from 1.38 million people to 2.14 million people.

    U.S. Census

  • About her move: In June, Bush, 47, moved from Akron, Ohio, without a job. She lives in an apartment in east Charlotte and as part of her job search attends a job-seeker support group.

    Why Charlotte: Bush had visited two nieces here several times. In 2006, she was laid off from her job as administrative assistant at a bank. She thought her chances would be better here. “It is the same here,” she lamented. “I have interviewed for five jobs here and posted for I don't even remember how many jobs on the Internet.”

    About her move: Calhoun, 24, relocated to Charlotte from Denver in July. She is renting in Dilworth before buying.

    Why Charlotte: Calhoun, who works in sales for international ocean carrier APL, had her choice of Los Angeles or Charlotte for a job transfer. Calhoun said she will be better able to afford a house here. “Size and affordability were big factors,” she said.

    About their move: Wayne, 36, and Jenn, 35, and their kids – Aubri, 15; Ryan, 10; and Luke, 2 – moved from Wadsworth, Ohio, in August. The family is living in an apartment in Ballantyne while getting to know the area.

    Why Charlotte: Wayne wanted a better job in a better economy. At the car dealership he worked at in Ohio, his income had dropped by nearly 75 percent to $2,400 a month. He is now working at Town & Country Toyota.

    About their move: Yansea, 25, moved in July from Charleston with son Caeden, 4, to attend Charlotte School of Law. Yansea's mom, Kamera, 54, a registered nurse, moved from Hinton, W. Va., to help her daughter take care of Caeden. They live in a rental house in Steele Creek. Kamera is looking for a nursing job.

    Why Charlotte: Yansea was also accepted into Charleston School of Law, but Charlotte School of Law gave her a bigger scholarship. “I'll be here permanently,” Yansea said. She sees more career potential here – thanks to banking, real estate and insurance industries, all of which need lawyers.

  • A quick look at the Charlotte-area newcomers

    Those who moved to the nine-county region from out of state in 2007…

    Were more likely to be younger than those already living here. The median age for newcomers was 28, compared with 39 for residents.

    Were more likely to be better educated. Looking at adults 25 and older, 12.4 percent of newcomers had a master's degree, compared with 6.7 percent of residents. Likewise, 25.1 percent of newcomers had bachelor degrees, compared with 21 percent of residents.

    Were less likely to be white – 59 percent of newcomers were white, compared with 71 percent of residents.

    Were more likely to be Hispanic – 14.6 percent for newcomers versus 7.2 percent for residents – or black – 20.8 percent versus 17.5 percent.

    Source: Observer analysis of U.S. Census data released last week. The nine counties in the region are: Cabarrus, Catawba, Gaston, Iredell, Lincoln, Mecklenburg, Rowan, Union and York County, S.C.

  • States outside the Carolinas that last year's Charlotte-area transplants came from:

    1. Florida

    2. New York

    3. Ohio

    4. New Jersey

    5. Pennsylvania

    6. Michigan

    7. Georgia

    8. Virginia

    9. California

    10. Maryland

    Source: Observer analysis of U.S. Census data released last week.

  • Related Images

    When Will Joseph and his fiancee moved to Charlotte from Albany, N.Y., last year, they had nothing lined up for their new life but a hotel reservation.

    No jobs. No place to live.

    They had visited a couple times and “fell in love” with Charlotte.

    “We got out a map and knew the places we didn't want to be in the South. Charlotte just really stuck out as dynamic, but not so big that it was like midtown Manhattan,” said Joseph, 42.

    The flow of newcomers that has defined the Charlotte area for the past two decades continued in 2007, according to data released last week by the U.S. Census Bureau.

    But there are signs that transplant growth could be leveling off – the rate of that growth in 2007 slowed compared with that of 2006.

    An Observer analysis found:

    2007 saw about 91,000 newcomers relocate to the nine-county Charlotte region, up from about 88,000 newcomers in 2006 and 80,000 in 2005. The study defined newcomers as people who moved here from out of state and doesn't take into account people who have left.

    Midwestern Rust Belt states accounted for more newcomers in 2007 than the previous year, with Ohio, Michigan and Pennsylvania entering the list of top six places people moved from.

    There was a flip-flop for the top spots transplants came from, with Florida beating New York.

    Talking to transplants reveals many share the same motivation for their relocation to Charlotte. They often arrive seeking better job opportunities, more affordable housing and a warmer climate.

    Joseph and his fiancee, Amy Zarro, 38, left good jobs – he in sales management for Pepsi and she a middle school French teacher. Over the long-term, they concluded, the Charlotte area promised better career advancement, and they were tired of New York's hustle and bustle and cold weather.

    “I was just ready for a change,” said Joseph, a native New Yorker who after six months here landed another sales job. “There is just a lot going on. There is definitely a newness to it.”

    The Charlotte region has a history of attracting transplants who move without jobs.

    “What happens is people might not know anyone in Charlotte, but they start looking at economic news or job creation and sooner or later Charlotte pops up,” said Ed Turner, owner of Smith Turner Group, a job recruiting firm in Charlotte.

    Turner said despite the nationwide economic downturn, he still gets about 20 calls and e-mails a week from out-of-state job seekers.

    But Turner predicts that because North Carolina is lagging the nation in its slowdown, next year's batch of newcomer data will show a plateau. While North Carolina still looks better than many other places, it has entered a slump on the job front.

    Since February, unemployment rates have been higher in North Carolina than the U.S. For August, the state's unemployment rate was 6.9 percent, compared with 6.1 percent for the nation. But Ohio was worse at 7.4 percent and Michigan suffered even more with 8.9 percent.

    Among Midwestern transplants is the Farris family, who moved here over the summer from Wadsworth, Ohio, near Akron.

    “It is horrible everywhere, but it is really bad in Ohio,” said Jenn, 35. “We researched for a long while and then we were like ‘Let's go for it.'” If they were researching Charlotte today, they might decide to stay put, she said, because the region wouldn't look as good on paper. But she still believes they made the right choice.

    That's what Pam Bush thought when she left Akron in June, without a job.

    She'd been working temp jobs for two years after being laid off as an administrative assistant at a bank. She knew Charlotte from visiting two nieces who live here.

    “I liked the city and it was growing,” Bush said. “I thought that even though things were slowing down (everywhere) I had a better chance here.”

    Bush's regret: not making the move sooner.

    “I think I waited too long,” she said. “I would have been better (off) four years ago versus now. Everyone I meet is from somewhere else. And I meet a lot of people like me who moved without jobs.”

    Observer database editor Ted Mellnik contributed to this report.

    Amy Baldwin: 704-358-5179

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