CHAPEL HILL New data released Friday into a long-running academic fraud scandal at UNC Chapel Hill show athletes made up nearly half of the enrollments in 172 bogus classes in the African studies department, and also accounted for just under half of 512 suspect grade changes during that period.
Their average grade: 3.56, between a B-plus and an A-minus.
But Baker Tilly, the national management consulting firm that produced the data, said those numbers are not evidence of an athletics scandal at the university.
Raina Rose Tagle, a Baker Tilly partner, said the remaining 55 percent of nonathletes in the classes, who also accounted for half of the suspected grade changes and received similar grades, show it was purely an academic scandal.
There was not a relationship between the presence of student-athletes in a class and the existence of known anomalies in that class, Tagle told members of a UNC Board of Governors panel that is looking into the academic fraud.
Baker Tilly was hired in mid-August to help former Gov. Jim Martin try to determine when the academic fraud began, who was involved in creating it, and how many courses it affected. The report released last month found 216 suspect courses and 560 grade changes that lacked proper authorization dating back to 1997.
Fridays follow-up report did not show the breakdown of athletes and nonathletes in suspect courses and grade changes prior to fall 2001 because that information does not exist in an electronic format.
Tagle said the fraud wasnt about athletics because nonathletes had the same access to the classes and received similar grades. She and Martin also reported that they could find no evidence that athletics officials hatched the fraud. The report said longtime department chairman Julius Nyangoro and department manager Deborah Crowder were responsible.
Nyangoro was forced into retirement in July; Crowder had retired in September 2009.
Roughly 800 athletes are attending the university in any given year, and they account for less than 5 percent of the total undergraduate student population. But Tagle said their over-representation in the African studies courses is likely because African Americans make up a disproportionate percentage of athletes at the university.
She said data showed athletes had a similar representation in other African studies courses not found to be fraudulent.
In response to a question, Tagle said she, Martin and her colleagues left no stone unturned in probing what the university had asked.
Unlike a previous UNC Chapel Hill report, the Baker Tilly report did not disclose how many football and mens basketball players were in the suspect classes, or how many bogus classes were taken by each athlete, compared to each nonathlete. It didnt explain how numerous freshmen football players got into those classes, some of which were for upperclassmen. It also did not disclose what classes had suspicious grade changes.
Panel Chairman Louis Bissette said after the meeting that the report contained important information. But he also acknowledged areas that the report did not go into that could shed more light on athletic involvement, and he said he would try to get more answers before the panel delivers its findings to the full UNC Board of Governors, possibly as soon as their next regular meeting in February.
NCAA President Mark Emmert said last week that a potential probe hinges on whether there was an intent to help athletes stay eligible to play sports. He said he was concerned that freshmen athletes were enrolled.
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