ORLANDO, Fla. The animated figure on the computer screen moves carefully among the wounded, darting from one fallen figure to another. Trailing the combat medics, the uniformed military chaplain kneels and performs “spiritual triage,” assessing who is dead, who is soon to die, and who is likely to survive.
For the dead, there is silent prayer; for the gravely wounded and those in pain, there are words of comfort. Checking dog tags to determine the faith of the fallen, the pastor uses language consistent with each faith tradition. At each point in the action, a prompt asks users what they think is the appropriate response, then offers them feedback on their choices.
Veterans say nothing short of the real thing prepares someone for serving under fire, but a computer simulation company here has been awarded a $100,000 development contract by the U.S. Army Research Laboratory’s simulation-technology center, also in Orlando, to develop a program designed to help prospective military chaplains.
A prototype, to include a variety of battlefield scenarios and vignettes, is expected to be delivered to the Army by the middle of this year, according to officials at the lab. If accepted by the Department of Defense, it is likely to become part of the curriculum at the chaplain training school at Fort Jackson in Columbia.
The computer-simulation program is designed primarily for those who will serve in harm’s way in Afghanistan through the promised U.S. pullout in 2014, and in future conflicts. However, developers say the simulation will remain relevant for any terrorist attack or natural disaster involving mass casualties.
Chaplain Jeff Zust, an Army lieutenant colonel and an EMT, was deployed for 15 months in Iraq. Based on that experience, he later served on a team of chaplains, enlisted chaplain’s assistants and technology and training specialists tasked with adapting existing medic triage simulators for chaplains serving in forward operating bases and forward aid stations.
“In combat, unit ministry teams need to know how to respond to physical, mental, emotional and spiritual trauma,” said Zust, 54, a minister in the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. “This ability comes with experience. However, it raised the question: Can’t some of these skills be trained in a simulation environment when the stakes are not so high?”
By simply changing the uniform on a previously developed medic training simulation, Engineering & Computer Simulations Inc. is adapting the program for chaplains. The “serious-game” software will be designed to help chaplains navigate a “virtual battlefield” so they can decide how best to minister to those in need, some in the last moments of life.
As a first step, checking the dog tags is important, said Zust, who is the training and operations chaplain for First Army at the Rock Island Arsenal in Illinois, because “religious support in trauma begins with honoring the preferences of the soldier.”
Zust has high hopes for the computer program, but acknowledges its limitations.
“We shouldn’t confuse simulation trainers as replacements for chaplains or care providers,” he said. “Trauma care and counseling need to be provided in person. There is no substitute for human contact in training.”