Q. My 4-year-old son is not fully engaged when he has a friend over. His twin sister makes friends easily and the difference between them is glaring. When I arrange a playdate for him, he is excited but then, after the friend arrives, he gradually slips off to play by himself. Do you have suggestions for helping him become more social?
You're describing one of your son's personality traits. Social reticence may in fact be the defining feature of his personality. Some people, from the get-go, are highly social. Others are socially reserved.
Over the past 30 years, a lot has been made of the need to respect “individual differences” in children, but the fact is we are becoming less tolerant of childhood behavior patterns that fall even slightly outside a narrow (and ever-narrowing) definition of what constitutes “normal.”
A good example of this is found in schools. On the one hand, teachers are encouraged to respect and accommodate individual learning styles, while on the other hand they are told that children with different learning styles may have disabilities that require professional help.
Likewise, many of today's parents are made anxious by any behaviors that don't fit the mold. They suffer from Too Much Information Syndrome, a peculiar brain malady characterized by oversensitivity to anything that seems even the slightest bit “off.” This is exacerbated by the fact that today's parents seem to think their job is to make sure their children reach adulthood without any emotional baggage. That's an impossible dream. If you are a person, then you have personal problems.
Correcting a behavior problem (e.g., disobedience) does not require the child's permission, but the only person who can overcome challenges imposed by the birthright of personality (e.g., shyness) is the person so challenged.
That requires knowing that the trait in question is problematic, and then making a decision to overcome its limitations. A child of 4 isn't capable of that.
When your son is older, perhaps he will see the wisdom of making more of an effort to connect with people. In the meantime, his social difficulties are just something he and you are going to have to accept.
When you see him pulling away from other kids, you can suggest a game they can play together. The best thing you can do for him, however, is to relax. Introversion isn't life-threatening. Furthermore, most child-introverts are no longer introverts by the time they're in their 30s.
Stop trying to solve this problem for your son. This ball needs to be in his court, and his alone. The more you try to bounce his ball, the more likely it is that your good intentions will prevent him from learning to bounce it himself.
We would do well to recall what people once said about such personality differences: It takes all kinds to make the world go 'round.