Pennsylvania's PNC Financial Services Group Inc. said Friday it is acquiring Ohio's National City Corp. for $5.58 billion, the first bank to use fresh investments from a federal bailout program to make an acquisition.
The deal comes within hours of PNC Financial receiving approval for $7.7 billion in cash from the government under the $750 billion government program aimed at relieving the ongoing credit crisis.
The agreement is the latest deal in the rapidly consolidating banking industry. It combines Pittsburgh-based PNC, which has weathered the ongoing credit crisis better than most regional banks, with National City, a large, Cleveland-based regional bank weighed down by high-risk mortgage loans.
The acquisition makes PNC Financial the nation's fifth-largest bank by deposits and fourth in number of branches, said James Rohr, PNC's chairman and chief executive, during a conference call with investors and analysts. The combined bank would have about $180 billion in deposits and more than 2,700 branches.
The deal is expected to close by the end of the year.
The new footprint will cover most of the Mid-Atlantic and Midwest states as well as Florida. The combined bank will have the largest deposit bases in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Kentucky.
“PNC now becomes a major force in retail,” said Bart Narter, a senior vice president in the banking group at consulting firm Celent. “PNC just doubled in size for not a lot of money.”
This is by far PNC's largest acquisition – National City's deposit base is larger than PNC's. Since the early 1990s, PNC has acquired more than a dozen smaller banks as it expanded its operations and retail banking business.
National City is the second struggling bank in recent years that PNC has acquired. In 2005, PNC bought Washington-based Riggs Bank amid a potential money laundering scandal. National City's problems have been due to the souring mortgage market.
PNC will pay $5.2 billion for National City through a stock transaction that values National City at about $2.23 per share, an 18.9 percent discount from Thursday's closing price of $2.75.
The remaining $384 million will be a cash payment to certain warrant holders.
National City shareholders will receive 0.0392 shares of PNC common stock for each share of National City they own.
Shares of PNC rose $2.15, or 3.8 percent, to $59.03 in afternoon trading. National City shares fell 64 cents, or 23 percent, to $2.11.
The government plan calls for the U.S. Treasury to purchase preferred stock and warrants from banks in return for fresh capital. The plan is designed to help banks that have been struggling since the middle of 2007 with rising mortgage defaults and a credit crisis that has essentially shut down lending among banks and severely restricted lending to consumers.
The government will receive warrants to acquire a 15 percent stake in PNC Financial. The warrants will be good for 10 years unless retired by PNC, the company said during the call.
While the government program was established to help free up lending markets, some banks have said they would consider using the new cash, in part, toward acquisitions.
PNC's acquisition is the first in what analysts expect could be a chain of deals at the regional bank level, following a consolidation among the major national banks. JPMorgan Chase & Co. snapped up the bank assets of failed Washington Mutual Inc., and Wells Fargo & Co. agreed to acquire Charlotte's Wachovia Corp.
Consolidation should also help the remaining banks increase loan production.
“Deposits are the cheapest way at getting money into banks, which should allow for more loans to be made,” said Roger Cominsky, a partner at Hiscock & Barclay in its financial institutions and lending practice area.