Get a line on fishing’s lexicon

Know the terms that anglers use

01/25/2013 12:00 AM

01/23/2013 2:22 PM

Fishing has a language all its own, and its words and terminology often seem foreign to the casual observer. To help interpret, here are a few frequently used words/terms and their definitions.

Angler: a person who fishes with a hook and line.

Tackle: a collective noun for fishing equipment.

Terminal tackle: bobbers, sinkers, hooks, lures, swivels attached to the end of a fishing line.

Bobber: a float attached to the line that keeps the bait at a fixed depth.

Split shot: a small, lead, slotted sinker that can be pinched onto the line.

Swivel: a rotating piece of tackle that prevents the line from twisting.

Bait: anything that a fish will eat.

Baitfish: small fish eaten by bass and other predators.

Alewife: a baitfish that belongs to the herring family.

Shad: a forage fish found in area lakes.

Minnows: crappie (small) and bass minnows (large) sold at area tackle shops.

Artificial lures: lures made from a variety of materials and used to entice fish to strike.

Bucktail jig: a lure usually made of lead with either hair or a plastic tail attached to the hook.

Spoon: looks like a flattened table spoon with a shiny finish and a treble hook on one end.

Lunker: large fish.

Hawg: a very large bass.

Slab: a big crappie.

Hybrid: the offspring of genetically dissimilar parents.

Hybrid striped bass: cross between a striped bass and a white bass.

Spotted bass (spot): a member of the black bass family that has a patch of teeth on its tongue.

GPS: Global Positioning System screen that displays a map with current position and speed.

Point: a finger of land jutting into the water.

Drop-off: a sudden increase in depth, created by channels, land points, etc.

Riprap: loose rock, stacked and used to control erosion.

Shoal: a shallow submerged ridge, bank or bar in close proximity to deep water.

Sonar/fish finder: an electronic device that displays water depth and the presence of fish.

Suspended fish: fish at mid-level depths, neither near the surface nor on the bottom.

Fall down, lay down or blow down: a large tree that has fallen into the water.

Honey hole: slang describing a specific spot that holds big or large numbers of fish.

Hot spot: an area that is currently holding fish.

Trolling: lures pulled behind a moving boat and retrieved when a fish bites.

Trolling motor: a small electric fishing motor, typically mounted on the bow and used to maneuver quietly while fishing.

Live well: a compartment that fills with water, designed to keep fish alive.

Weigh-in: the end of a tournament when the catch is weighed to determine the winners.

Upcoming event

Free fishing seminar: “Deep Jigging for Bass, Perch and Stripers.” Feb. 22 7:30 p.m. and 5:30 p.m. Feb. 23 at Bass Pro Shops, Concord Mills Mall. Gus Gustafson will conduct this seminar. Details: 704-979-2200.

Hot Spots of the Week

Raising water has bass and crappie moving to the shallows. Bass are being taken in less than 2 feet of water. Spinner, buzz, and jerk baits are common. Best bets for bass are the muddy sections in the back of creeks and coves. Crappie are being tempted on both minnows and small jigs around shallow brush. Large white perch and schoolie-size spotted bass are still being found under diving sea birds and along channel edges.

The water level on Lake Norman’s is as most full (about 0.2 feet below full pond) and is about 0.9 feet below on Mountain Island Lake. The surface water temperature is in the 50s in water not affected by power generation.

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