How big is self-publishing? Consider that about 1 million books were published in the United States in 2009. Of those, more than 760,000 came from self- and micro-publishers, according to the Independent Book Publishers Association.
Players in the booming self-publishing industry range from old-school vanity presses to companies that produce only e-books. They include:
Amazon, includes CreateSpace for print and Kindle Direct Publishing for e-books.
Author Solutions, includes AuthorHouse, iUniverse and Xlibris imprints, charges authors to prepare, market and sell their titles.
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Barnes & Noble, offers PubIt!, which creates e-books that can be read on the company's Nook and other e-readers.
Lulu Enterprises, based in Raleigh, lets authors e-publish or print copies as they need them.
Smashwords, publishes e-books only.