Last December, somebody using the name “Test Person,” from “Some Place, UT” made a series of contributions, the largest being $764, to Sen. Barack Obama's presidential campaign totaling $2,410.07.
Someone else identifying himself as “Jockim Alberton,” from 1581 Leroy Ave. in Wilmington, Del., began giving to Obama last November, contributing $10 and $25 at a time for a total of $445 through the end of February.
The only problem? There is no Leroy Avenue in Wilmington. And Jockim Alberton, who listed both his employer and occupation as “Fdsa Fdsa,” does not show up in a search of public records.
A New York Times analysis of campaign finance records this week found nearly 3,000 donations to Obama from more than a dozen people listing apparently fictitious information. The contributions represent a tiny fraction of the record $450million Obama has raised. But the obviously questionable donations raise questions about whether the Obama campaign is adequately vetting its unprecedented flood of donors.
It is unclear why someone making a political donation would want to enter a fake name. Some perhaps did it for privacy reasons. Another more ominous possibility, of course, is fraud, perhaps in order to donate beyond the maximum allowed.
There is no evidence that questionable contributions amount to more than a small portion of Obama's fundraising haul. The Times' analysis, conducted over just a few days and looking for obvious anomalies, like names with all consonants, identified about $40,000 in contributions from people who appeared not to exist. And these donations had not been refunded by the campaign as of its last filing with the Federal Election Commission in September.
It appears that campaign finance records for Sen. John McCain contain far fewer obviously fake names, although he has also taken in about $200 million in contributions, less than half Obama's total.
Sheila Krumholz, executive director of the Center for Responsive Politics, said the record-setting number of new donors Obama has drawn, many online, presents new challenges to a compliance system that remains stuck in the past.
Officials with campaign finance watchdog groups said there is no proof yet that the problem is widespread, but they said the issue warrants additional scrutiny.
Federal candidates are not required to itemize contributions below $200 to the FEC unless the donor's cumulative total adds up to more than $200. Roughly 70 percent of the contributions to Obama below $200 are not reported, compared with more than 75 percent of McCain's.