Uber’s $1.2 billion in funding is a big milestone – and a big test

Uber’s announcement Thursday that it nabbed $1.2 billion from investors shattered all sorts of Silicon Valley startup records.

And news of the funding most likely elicited high-fives throughout the Uber empire, since the investment – Uber’s second of that size in six months – values the 5-year-old startup at $40 billion, making it the most valuable startup among all venture-backed private companies. It also means San Francisco-based Uber is now worth more than Tesla, Salesforce, LinkedIn, Twitter and Netflix.

But the big-dollar valuation sets up even bigger expectations the ride-service app company may struggle to meet, particularly as it prepares for an initial public offering as early as next year, according to analysts and venture capital experts.

“They are clearly trying to say, ‘We are the hottest startup in the world, no one can touch us,'” said Sam Hamadeh, founder and CEO of research firm PrivCo. “But they may find themselves in a bind later on, when their IPO becomes overpriced.”

With the massive investment, the pressure is mounting for the startup to grow into a global car-booking firm unmatched by any competitors and become a publicly traded company with a blockbuster IPO.

Uber, which makes a smartphone app that dispatches a car to a passenger’s location, is available in more than 250 cities, including Charlotte, and said in a blog post that it is six times as large as it was one year ago. It operates in 50 countries. With its new investment, Uber says it plans to expand its services in Asia and expects to add millions more passengers next year.

“By raising this amount of money, they are setting themselves up to be the next Facebook,” said Aswath Damodaran, a professor of finance at Stern School of Business at New York University. “Does Uber have the potential to be the next Facebook? Absolutely. But keep in mind the first big disrupter might not always be the winner.”

Uber didn’t disclose the names of investors, but with a round this large, experts say they are probably large banking institutions and hedge funds looking for a quick return through a speedy IPO. Uber’s $1.2 billion financing round in June was led by Fidelity, BlackRock and Wellington. The company reportedly has a deal with Goldman Sachs that requires Uber to start paying interest to the bank if it doesn’t go public in four years.

“Uber’s IPO is predestined at this point,” said Anand Sanwal, co-founder and chief executive of CB Insights, a venture capital research firm. “They are on the clock.”

Uber’s $40 billion valuation trails only Apple, Google, Facebook, Oracle, Intel, Gilead Sciences, Cisco Systems, Hewlett-Packard, eBay and Yahoo among valley companies, according to an analysis by the San Jose Mercury News. Uber could raise up to $1.8 billion total with additional investments, which would push the company’s valuation to more than $41 billion. Perhaps the only funding round that comes close was Facebook’s $1.5 billion round in 2011, which valued the company at $50 billion.

Analysts say Uber must at least double its current market value at the time of its IPO to satisfy investors, which would put the company in the same league as Facebook, which was valued at $104 billion at the time of its public offering.

But there are many hurdles ahead: The company faces challenges from regulators, who have fined or banned the service in some cities. It has been criticized for its lack of safety, as in the case of a San Francisco Uber driver who allegedly beat a passenger with a hammer in September. Uber is also trying to rebuild its public image after an executive said in a private dinner that the company should do opposition research on journalists critical of its business, and it was revealed that the company can and has tracked the locations of passengers.