Citigroup Inc., the fourth-largest U.S. bank, should consider breaking itself into smaller pieces because higher capital rules make it difficult to earn acceptable returns, analysts at Keefe, Bruyette & Woods said.
A breakup could come in three steps: selling the international consumer businesses excluding Mexico; selling the Mexico franchise; splitting the remaining firm into a U.S. consumer business and a global corporate bank, KBW analysts led by Brian Kleinhanzl wrote in a note dated Sunday. The dismantling would deliver an estimated market value of $198 billion, or 57 percent more than the current level, they wrote.
“One of the primary benefits of becoming smaller is escaping the vise that is the current regulatory environment,” the analysts said. Citigroup’s shares trade below tangible book value, a measure of the price the underlying assets would fetch in a sale, as they have “fairly consistently” since 2009, they said.
Citigroup is the latest lender to land in the crosshairs of analysts and investors grown tired of stricter capital rules that weaken revenue prospects and pressure share prices. In January 2015, Goldman Sachs Group Inc. analysts said JPMorgan Chase & Co.’s parts were probably worth more than the whole after regulators proposed tougher rules penalizing firms for size and complexity.
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Shares of the company, which are down 16 percent this year, rose 0.1 percent to $43.57 at 10:15 a.m. in New York.
Citigroup announced the sale last month of retail-banking and credit-card operations in Brazil, Argentina and Colombia, continuing a shrinkage of its international footprint. The bank operated branch networks in 24 countries at the end of last year, down from 40 as recently as March 2012.
“The rules and capital requirements are so high that these banks cannot earn an acceptable return for shareholders, nor can they in some cases earn their cost of capital,” KBW Chief Executive Officer Tom Michaud said Monday in an interview on Bloomberg Television. “The bar has been set too high for these banks to keep their current business models.”
A breakup may not be the only possible best course for Citigroup, Michaud said.
Sanford “Sandy” Weill, whose creation of Citigroup ushered in the era of U.S. banking conglomerates a decade before the financial crisis, said in July 2012 that it was time to split up the largest banks to avoid more bailouts. John Reed, who merged his firm with Weill’s in 1998, has offered a similar opinion.
Other banks that generate what Michaud described as “sub- par” return on equity, such as Bank of America Corp. and Morgan Stanley, will also have to answer to whether their strategies are giving shareholders an acceptable return, he said.
Bank of America was raised to buy from sell in January by Mike Mayo, an analyst at CLSA Ltd., who said the company’s low valuation and “lousy” efficiency increase the chances shareholders will demand a spinoff or other type of restructuring.
Sanford C. Bernstein Ltd. said last month that London-based Barclays Plc should spin off its investment bank and sell its Africa unit to fix the U.K. lender, which trades at about 40 percent less than its book value.
MetLife Inc., the largest U.S. life insurer,said in January that it’s pursuing a spinoff, sale or public offering of much of its domestic retail business in response to tighter capital rules imposed as a result of its size.